What is Law?
Law is the system of rules that a society or government develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. It can also be used to refer to the people who work in this system, such as a judge or policeman.
Civil law (also known as continental or Romano-Germanic legal systems) is a legal tradition that includes about 60% of the world’s nations. It is based on concepts, categories and rules derived from Roman law and sometimes supplemented by local custom or culture.
It is a well organized system that favors cooperation and predictability. It is usually arranged in codes and accessible to citizens and jurists, and it encourages adaptability to changing circumstances.
Rights are justifications for legal determinations that are grounded in a specific set of normative reasons. Typically, these are not the only or even most important reasons; instead, they constitute a “punch” above the weight of the competing reasons.
Justifications are often thought of as a reflection of natural rights, that is, moral rights that are not based on enforcement or social convention and recognition. However, it is also common for rights to be interpreted as deontological principles that are not concerned with the considerations of utility or policy.
Likewise, legal power is the capacity of a person or entity to alter the legal position, relations, and norms that they hold. The opposite of a power is a normative disability, which means that a person is not capable of exercising that power in a manner that is compatible with their respective rights.